Academic Publication: Miniature Liquid Jet Array

Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 32 (2007) 1–13

An experimental investigation of free and submerged miniature liquid jet array impingement heat transfer

A.J. Robinson, E. Schnitzler

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Liquid water jet impingement cooling was investigated experimentally for both free-surface jet arrays and confined submerged jet arrays. The jet arrays consisted of straight holes of 1.0 mm diameter arranged in rectangular arrays with spacings of 3, 5 and 7 jet diameters between adjacent jets. For the impingement surface area of 780 mm2, these jet array configurations can be considered well populated, with a total of 21, 45 and 121 jets impinging on the surface. Average heat transfer and pressure drop measurements are presented for volumetric flow rates in the range of 2 L/min 6 V_ 6 9 L/min and dimensionless jet-to-target spacings between 2 6 H/dn 6 30. For the submerged jet arrays a strong dependence on both jet-to-target and jet-to-jet spacing is observed and correlations are presented that adequately predict the experimental measurements. The free-surface jets show a non-monotonic change with jet-to-target spacing with a local minimum in the heat transfer coefficient at approximately H/dn = 10. Here a transition from a submerged to a free jet flow con- figuration occurs. Once again, a correlating equation is presented that adequately predicts the free-surface jet array heat transfer data. The pumping power required to form the submerged and free jet flows show a different relationship to the heat transfer coefficient. Generally, submerged jets have a higher heat transfer coefficient for a given pumping power requirement.